THE RELEVANCE OF INDUSTRIAL WORKS EXPERIENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS OF OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT

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ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at determining the relevance of Industrial Work Experience on student in Office Technology and Management of Ken Saro-Wiwa Polytechnic Bori. Data were collected with the aid of questionnaire which is one of the acceptable means of collecting primary data. Data were also analyzed using tables and percentages. Based on the findings it was concluded  that the students could perform better after graduation if they receive adequate work experience from industries during their one year industrial training, if employer will accept and provide student with any available machine and equipment, the student will be able to carry out their duties effectively,  it is recommended that SIWES unit of institution should constantly enlighten students on the importance of the SIWES scheme, SIWES unit of institution should endeavour to source and post students to organizations that are in need of IT students in order to reduce the rate of rejection of IT student by organizations.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme (STWES) is a skill development programme initiated by the Industrial Training Fund (ITH) in 1 973 to bridge the gap between theory and practice among students of engineering and technology in institutions of higher learning in Nigeria. It provides on-the-job practical experience for students as they are exposed to work methods and techniques in handling equipment and machinery that may not be available in their institutions. The scheme also prepares students .for work situation they are likely to meet after graduation. (ITIF, 200:5).

Before the inspection of the scheme, there was a growing concern among industrialists that graduates of institutions of higher learning in Nigeria lacked adequate practical background experience preparatory for employment. Thus, employers were of the opinion that the theoretical education provided by higher educational institutions was not responsive to the economy.

It was against this not suitable that the fund during its formative years, introduce Student industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) to provide students with the opportunity of acquiring pre-requisite practical knowledge and skills. At inception in 1974, the scheme started with 784students from eleven (11) institutions in 104 eligible courses. By 2008, 210, 451 students from 219 instructions participated in the scheme with over 164 eligible courses.

However, First Year National Diploma (ND) students as well as those in the final ‘ear of the programme embark on (4) months and one(1) year Industrial Work Experience (SIWES) to satisfy graduating requirement. Though the programme is useful in all its reification it is largely affected by a number of problems. Theseproblems include: Lack of getting the appropriate placement, poor attitude of school base; Industry base super visor as well as ITH based supervisor. Report seems to indicate that students are not interested in the programme because they do not acquire relevant Work Experience in the scheme.

There is also indifference among tertiary institutions to the schemesince the orientation of Nigerians is theory base. It is therefore difficult to ascertain, if the scheme is useful to students of Office Technology and Management of Ken Saro-wiwa Polytechnic Bori. . This terms the bases of the researcher’s interest in the problem.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

This study will at large be reveal to all the students in Office Technology and Management from onset have been participating in the programme and other challenges/problem facing the scheme include.

Denial of students on attachment to the use of relevant training facilities (Example: Laboratories, Workshops studios and computers).

Inadequate and lack of the aforementioned facilities, an poor/none welfare service provision/packages (Medicals Accommodation/ Housing, fee/subsidized lunch, Transportation Transport fare, and Internet access).

None provision of training manuals for student on attachment as well as forwarding manuals to Institutions, none availability ‘of up-to-date job’ specification Handbook and Inadequate/ none availability of the Industrial Training Programmes.

None provision of safety wares/ devices by most employers ‘of:

labour, leading to the exposure of students on attachment to Industrial hazards.

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The aim of this study is to determine the relevance of Industrial Work Experience on student in Office Technology and Management of Ken Saro-Wiwa Polytechnic Bori. Other sub-aims are:

  1. To ascertain if the SIWES Unit of the Polytechnic sensitize the Student towards the importance of the scheme.
  2. To find out if the students actually benefited from the industrial Training Scheme.
  3. To identify the problems posed by Industrial Training Scheme.
  4. To find out the solutions to the problem identified.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Finding of the study will enable stakeholders review and make necessary adjustments for effective management of the scheme.

The students will also assist institutions of higher learning toreview necessary, their curricula in hire with the need of the economy.

The findings of the study will reposition Industry and commerce to perform their roles more effectively.

It is hoped that the study will enhance the commitment of students to the scheme and will enable them receive proper and adequate practical training. Finally, it is expected that the findings will enable the ITF and other stakeholders manage the scheme better.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following questions would be used to find out the relevance of industrial work experience on student in Office Technology -End Management.

  1. To what extent has SIWES unit of your Institution sensitize the students on importance of the scheme?
  2. To what extent do student of your institution benefit from SIWES industrial training scheme?
  3. What are the problems posed by industrial training scheme on student of your institution?
  4. What are the solutions to the identified problems of SIWIES?

1.6 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

For the purpose of this study, the sample for this study was

delimited to lecturers and students in Rivers State Polytechnic Bori.

1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Someproblems encountered by the researcher during the course of this work are;

1: Financial constraints which delayed and slowed down the typing and production of copies of the questionnaires that were tendered.

  1. Barrier due to high cost of fair all over the state. Transportation it therefore becomes difficult to travel far and wide for enough materials in order to enrich this research work.

3: Strike by Academic Staff Union of Polytechnic and Non- Academic Staff Union also poses threat as well as challenge to the research Respondents were not easily reached due to strike by the above mentioned Unions, which hampered the research.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

The following terms are defined for the purpose of this study.

Relevance: This is the relation of something to the matter at hand.

Industrial: This is anything that has to do with the business of manufacturing products; exclude transport and financial companies.

Work: Is to do something that involves physical mental effort.

Experience: Is the knowledge and skill that you gained through doing something for a period of time.

Scheme: Is a systematic plan ofaction.

 

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