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This research work examines Vat and economic growth in Nigeria. The research design uses descriptive and survey method of data collection. The population of the study was made of 100 manager and junior staff of the Rivers State ministry of finance. The Taro Yemen’s formula was used to determine the sample size of 80. A self-designed questionnaire was administered to the sample size for the collection of data from the respondents in Rivers State ministry of finance. The simple percentage was used to analyze the research question and Pearson moment product correlation was used to test hypothesis. Findings revealed that VAT is a reliable source of Government revenue in Nigeria, VAT contributes to tax revenue extension of the economic growth, VAT controls the behaviour of producer and consumer, VAT eliminates badly administered taxes and VAT serve as a source of yielding revenue to the Government and It also revealed that VAT revenue has effect on Tax revenue. Based on the above findings, possible recommendations were made that Government should intensify effort in organizing seminars and workshops to educate viable organizations and individuals on the need for prompt payment of VAT, there should be provision for enforcing penalties and additional assessment on erring viable persons, there should be efficient enumeration system for business in each local government and state to reduce evasion’ simple languages should be used to explain VAT laws to viable persons as it will help to enhance compliance and reduce cost and Government should increase VAT rate as it will help to generate more revenue for the government.
CHAPTER ONE 1
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS 2
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 2
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION 2
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS 3
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 3
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 3
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 3
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS 4
CHAPTER TWO 5
LITERATURE REVIEW 5
CHAPTER THREE 24
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 24
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN 24
3.2 POPULATION OF THE STUDY 24
3.3 SAMPLE/SAMPLING TECHNIQUES 24
3.4 INSTRUMENT OF DATA COLLECTION 25
3.5 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT 26
3.6 STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DATA ANALYSIS 26
CHAPTER FOUR 28
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 28
4.1 INTRODUCTION 28
4.2 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 28
4.3 DATA ANALYSIS 29
4.4 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS 33
4.6 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS 36
CHAPTER FIVE 39
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECCOMMENDATIONS 39
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 39
5.2 CONCLUSION 39
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS 40
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Value added tax (VAT) is a consumption tax, levied at each stage of the consumption chain and borne by the final consumer of the product or service. The administration of VAT is relatively easy, unselective and difficult to evade. Countries all over the world, look for ways to boost their revenue, this facilitated many nations to introduce value added tax on goods and services. For instance, in Africa, VAT has been introduced in Benin Republic, Cote d’Ivore, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Senegal, Togo, Nigeria. Evidence suggests that in these countries VAT has become an important contributor to government revenue (Ajakaiye, 2000; Shalizi and Square, 1988; Adereti, Adesina and Sanni, 2011). Nigeria introduced VAT in 1993; however, its full implementation began on 1st January, 1994. This has attracted the attention of researchers and academia on its benefit in the economic growth of Nigeria. Economic growth as measured the increase in the national income or total volume of production of goods and services of a country accompanied by improvements in the total standard of living of the people (Chinwuba and Amos, 2011 as cited in Ihendinihu and Onwuchekwa, 2012). Related works on this topic focused on the impact of VAT on economic growth, measured with GDP. Our object here is to investigate the growth pattern of VAT on GDP, the effect of the changes in VAT target and VA Tactual on the economy, and also the impact of VAT revenue on Tax revenue.
Accordingly, the study is organized thus: following our introduction section two looks at the findings of related literatures while section three discusses the data, the model and the variables employed in our study, Section four provides the result of our empirical analysis and section five is on conclusion.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Despite the contributions and huge revenue generated through VAT, the federal, state and local governments complain of insufficient fund to embark on projects and the citizens have always lamented of poor infrastructural facilities, unemployment, low capita income etc which have resulted to poor standard of living, crime rate and other social ills has been on the increase. Nigeria is still listed and regarded as a third world country. A situation of this nature entails asking what is the relationship between VAT and Gross domestic product and total consolidated revenue of the government.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The general purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of Value Added tax on the Economic Growth of Nigeria. However the specific objectives are as follows:
- To observe the growth pattern of VAT revenue and GDP
- To investigate the relationship between the changes of VAT revenue on the economic growth of Nigeria.
iii. To examine VAT revenue on Tax revenue.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
- What is the relationship between the growth pattern of VAT revenue and GDP?
- Is there any relationship between the changes of VAT revenue on the economic growth of Nigeria?
iii. What effect has VAT revenue on Tax revenue?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
HO: There is no significant relationship between the changes in VAT revenue and the economic growth of Nigeria.
HA: VAT revenue has a significant impact on Tax revenue in Nigeria.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The outcome of this study will be of immense benefit to a wide range of people. First, to the government and public policy makers, this study will help them appreciate the strategic importance of Value Added Tax on the Nigerian Economy. The study will also add to literature on the subject matter for future researchers.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study examines the relationship between VAT and Economic Growth in Nigeria.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Normally a research work of this nature encountered some challenges though the study was completed.
Time: There was no enough time for this work but with the limited time available, the researcher was able to complete the work.
Accessibility: One of the major problem encountered was access to information concerning the area of study, however the work was done effectively.
Finance: Usually, a study of this nature involved some level of expenditure therefore, finance was also a limiting factor.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Development: This is a gradual growth of something so that it comes more advances, stronger. It is also process of producing or creating something new.
Economy: This is the study of the production and consumption of goods and transfer of wealth to product.
Growth: This is defined as an increase in the Gross Domestics Product or per capital income of a country.
VAT: Value Added Tax.