INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE GROWTH OF NIGERIA
CHAPTER ONE.. 10
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.. 10
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM… 12
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY.. 13
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION.. 13
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS.. 14
The research hypothesis that has been formulated for analysis is in the form of null and alternative hypothesis. They are as follows:-. 14
H0: Insurance does not contribute significantly to the growth of a third world nation. 14
H1: Insurance contributes significantly to the growth of a third world nation.. 14
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.. 14
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.. 15
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY.. 15
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS.. 16
CHAPTER TWO.. 18
LITERATURE REVIEW… 18
2.1 AN OVERVIEW OF INSURANCE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA.. 18
2.2 CLASSIFICATION OF INSURANCE BUSINESS IN NIGERIA.. 20
2.3 THE PLACE OF INSURANCE COMPANIES IN NATIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 22
2.4.1 ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE NATION.. 23
2.4.2 ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE INSURED.. 26
2.4.3 ITS CONTRIBUTION TO BUSINESS.. 28
2.4.4 ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE GOVERNMENT.. 28
2.4.5 INSURANCE AS A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR TO THE GROWTH OF NIGERIA.. 29
2.4.6 PROBLEM THAT HINDERED EFFECTIVE INSURANCE GROWTH IN NIGERIA.. 30
2.7 PROSPECTS OF INSURANCE IN NIGERIA AND STRATEGY FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT 33
Batterby A. (1980): Network Analysis of Planning and.. 38
Scheduling (3rd Edition). New York: St. Martins Press. Dabymble and Leonard, (1980): Marketing Management New York: St. Martins Press.. 38
Hanger, H. (1993): A System Approach to Planning Scheduling And Control New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.. 38
Fiiwe J.L (2004): Risk And Insurance for Beginners. Bori Ogoni: Trumpet Press and Publishers. 38
MacFubara M.S. (ND). A Monograph on Life Assurance Underwriting and Claims. 38
CHAPTER THREE.. 39
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.. 39
3.0 INTRODUCTION.. 39
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN.. 40
3.2 RESEARCH POPULATION.. 40
3.4 DATA COLLECTION METHOD.. 42
CHAPTER FOUR.. 46
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS.. 46
4.0 INTRODUCTION.. 46
4.1 DATA PRESENTATION.. 46
4.2 DATA ANALYSIS.. 47
CHAPTER FIVE.. 60
DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS.. 60
5.0 INTRODUCTION.. 60
- 1 DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS.. 60
CHAPTER SIX.. 62
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS.. 62
6.0 INTRODUCTION.. 62
6.1 SUMMARY.. 62
6.2 CONCLUSION.. 62
6.3 RECOMMENDATIONS.. 63
APPENDIX I. 66
APPENDIX II. 67
Before the inception of modern insurance it is practiced today in Nigeria, some for m of traditional insurance was in existence in Nigeria. Osaka (1992:3) explained the above as including social schemes which evolved through the existence of extended family system and social associations such as age grades and other unions.
The practice of insurance in our contemporary society could be traced to 1893 when the bank of British West African (BBWA) the ancestors of First Bank of Nigeria PLC which was founded to acquire the business carried on at Lagos by the African Banking Corporation Limited and Elder Dempter company and since then, the business has grown to its present size of about seventy- nine registered companies, conducting varieties of insurance business in Nigeria. This figure however, was consequently upon the downsizing of the financial sub-sector by the Apex financial institution in Nigeria, the Central Bank of Nigeria and the Federal Ministry of Finance.
It is obvious that there is no free risk society. Human being are exposed to different kinds of risks such as fire, accident, diseases, armed robbers, kidnapping and other criminalities in our everyday life. Insurance product therefore were developed in response to environment changes as they affect certain communities.
For this reason, whilst some classes of insurance product are regarded as new to the Nigerian market, they may infact have long existed in other insurance market. It is necessary to bear these peculiarities in mind when we speak of few insurance product. Insurance practitioners sometimes tends to take it for granted and go about their daily business as if they can exist without effectively responding to the growing need of their customers.
Insurance exist solely as a mechanism to alleviate the financial impact of a mishap affecting an individual, a corporate body and the society as a whole. The industry cannot claim to have the divine right to sell its product at a price solely determined by the industry, without fully taking into account whether the products satisfy the needs of its clientele. Even where it is believed that such right exists, a competitive environment within the insurance market will not always permits that. The industry therefore, has an obligation to research the needs of the society we live in and to develop appropriate product to meet these need at fair price. It can only survive and remain relevant as long as it is responsive to the development of new products to meet the over changing economic and social environment, Carr S. (2007).
Insurance therefore is an arrangement whereby people who are exposed to identical risk situation contribute money into a common fund out of which those who are unfortunate to suffer loss receive compensation or being indemnified there from. The purpose of insurance is to provide for the payment of monetary compensation for losses suffered by the insured party a small sum of money known as a premium to an insurer who promise in return to compensate the insured person who has paid me premium for any loss he may suffer, subject to the general conditions expressed in the policy of insurance; (Carr S. 2007).
- To what extent does insurance contribute to the growth of Nigeria?
- Does insurance operation has any positive impact on the lives of the populace?
- Can insurance reduce the severity and frequency of loss occurrence in our daily life and therefore encourage economic growth?
- Has insurance been able to meet up the ever increasing need of the general public through product modification?
- Does insurance as an aids to trade contributes to the growth of commerce in this country?
- The crux of this study is to examine insurance contribution to the growth of Nigeria.
- That government should actively participate in the insurance business to enhance rapid economic growth of the nation.
- It is also aimed at to device practical measures to ensure massive awareness among the timid youth.
- To unveil the various opportunities available to insurance students in Nigeria.
This study is aimed at providing answers to the following questions.
- What is insurance?
- To what extent has insurance contribute to the growth of the country?
- Is there any relationship between insurance and economic growth?
- Can insurance meet up the challenges ahead of it?
- Can insurance ensure a free risk surety through its risk management strategies?
H1: Insurance contributes significantly to the growth of Nigeria.
The problems under study affect the country in its entirety and therefore require the whole Nigerian coverage. But since it is impossible to achieve that the study was limited to Nicon insurance and Lead Way Insurance Companies in Port Harcourt metropolis.
Significantly, this study is embarked upon to unveal the true benefit of insurance contribution to the growth of Nigeria It also shows that insurance industry has remained the highest employer of labour in Nigeria, strengthen the growth of commerce and industry and rekindle the confident of investing scarce financial resources into meaningful endeavour for profit making devoid of loss of capital guarantee. Significantly put, insurance has helped to alleviate the burden of old age dependants and displaced accident victims from the government thereby foster economic development of the third world nation.
The basic and fundamentals set back that have belated (his study-is financial incapacitation which could have rendered this work useless though effort were made to actualize this. The second problem affecting the work was “time frame” which was too short to carry out the study in all the insurance companies in Nigeria though limited to Nicon insurance and Lead Way Insurance companies all in Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
The following definitions were proffered for thorough comprehension of some of the intrigue terms that are used in this research work, among which are;
- Insurance: Is an arrangement whereby people
who are exposed to identical loss situation contribute money into a common fund from which the unfortunate ones get compensation from.
- Insured: The person who transferred his risk to the
insurance company on payment of a stipulated fees called premium.
iii. Insurer: The person to whom risk is transferred to
- Growth: An increase in size, amount or degree of
- Contributing Factors: Are those things that helps one to do a job or achieve something.
- Third world: This is the underdeveloped nations of the world, especially those with widespread poverty.