PLUMBING AND INSTALLATION OF SANITARY FITTING AT THE OLD CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OFFICE CONVENIENCE

Complete Material Cost #3,000

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ABSTRACT

Hand flush water seal latrine known as W/C (water closet) is an improved and economic kind of latrine other than bore-hole latrine, Concrete vault latrine, removable receptacle latrine etc. The latter were difficult to manage and expensive to install nevertheless, the hand flush latrine is extensively used a/I over the world because of its easy way of installation and economic value, convenience and most especially in high rise buildings. conclusively this research is aimed at examining water closet. A practical approach was adopted as we coupled and installed the water closet (WC) in the civil engineering department office.

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

When you consider the contributions that plumbing and sanitation makes to the quality of our lives, the much of the other things that we do just seems much less significant. People have known for a long time that leaving human waste in open air near living spaces can cause sickness, features such as control over water use, bowl shape and disposal technology continue to develop and change.

The 1880s marked the widespread .introduction of the flush toilet and the development of a variety of terms “including water closet” to refer to the device. Many people do not like to discuss human waste and ways of dealing with it in company making polite euphemism very common “water Closet” is also a term which clearly separates a room with a flush toilet from a room with a tub or shower which has been designed for bathing and may be known as a “bathroom”.

A Water closet is a room which contains a flush toilet usually accompanied by a wash bowl or sink. The term may also be used to refer specifically to a flush toilet. Speakers of British English may refer to a room with flush toilet as referencing the initials for “Water Closet”. The development of the flush toilet revolutionized human sanitation and contributed a number of interesting developments to plumbing and architecture as structures began to be built to accommodate such toilets.

The water closet helps; improve hygiene in many regions by moving human waste away from inhabited buildings and areas, and pipes which was runs from the tank to the WC helps to remove fowl gasses in old civil engineering department

1.1   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

  • To facilitate quick remove of foul water
  • To provide good health condition in the building
  • To prevent entry of foul gases from the sewer of the building
  • To install a suitable water closet
  • To bring in water

1.2 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

Installation of water closet, installations of water supply pipe to the WC.

1.3 PROBLEM OF THE STUDY

  • Finance
  • Lack of storage house where plumbingsanitary fittings are kept
  • Lack of equipment which can facilitate to the smooth running of this project

1.4 AREA OF THE STUDY

This project is executed in the old department of civil engineering convenience within the engineering campus of ken Saro-Wiwa Polytechnic Bori rivers state of Nigeria.

1.5 RELEVANCE OF THE STUDY

The relevance of this project is to enable we the student of civil engineering department to be able to have an idea on the installation of sanitary fitting and plumbing.

 

Complete Material Cost #3,000

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